عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This paper examines the fundamental nature of copyright in the academic setting and particularly fair use for the purpose of scholarship. The author first examines scholarly communication and fair use in the print environment, concluding that the former is becoming increasingly inefficient and ineffective and that the latter is a confusing legal doctrine, at best. He then explores pay-per-use technology and the potential difficulties involved in maintaining fair use in a pay-per-view world. While new technologies, such as pay-per-use technologies, could improve certain aspects of scholarly communication, they also could obstruct fair use. The author considers potential legal responses to technological restriction of fair use, including an evolution of fair use from legal defense to legal right.