بافتار استنادهای مقاله‌‌های علم اطلاعات

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای علم اطلاعات و دانش‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز

2 استادیار گروه مهندسی و علوم کامپیوتر و فناوری اطلاعات، دانشگاه شیراز

3 استاد گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز

4 دانشیار گروه زبان‌های خارجی و زبان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز

5 دانشیار گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

هدف: شناسایی، طبقه‌بندی، و تحلیل بافتارهای استنادی مقالات علم اطلاعات و انواع استنادها با رویکرد فراگفتار هایلند.
روش‌شناسی: این پژوهش در دو مرحله «شناسایی طبقه استناد» (Jurgens et al., 2016) و «تحلیل مبتنی بر فراگفتار کارکرد شناسایی‌شده» (Hyland, 2005) انجام شده است. 164 بافتار استنادی مقالات استناد کننده به 10 مقاله به زبان انگلیسی (مجموعاً شامل 656 جمله استنادی صریح و ضمنی) بررسی شده است.
یافته‌ها: استنادها از نظر فراگفتار‌ در 2 طبقه اصلی استناد‌های «تعاملی- هدایتی» و «تعاملی- مشارکتی» با 4 طبقه فرعی در سطح دوم، 14 طبقه فرعی‌تر در سطح سوم و 23 طبقه فرعی‌تر‌ در سطح چهارم دسته‌بندی شد. استنادهای شناسایی‌شده بیشتر از نوع تعاملی- هدایتی بود و نه تعاملی- مشارکتی. طبقات درک‌شده نیز بیشتر توصیفی بودند و نه تحلیلی و نقدگونه.
نتیجه‌گیری: شباهت طبقه‌بندی استنادهای این مطالعه با طرح‌های موجود تا سطح سوم است و اغلب نیز با طبقات استنادهای تعاملی- هدایتی اشتراکاتی دارند. به‌نظر می‌رسد انواع استنادهای تعاملی- مشارکتی شناسایی‌شده بتواند در پالایش بافتارهای استنادی در سامانه‌های بازیابی اطلاعات متون علمی و در ارزیابی‌ کیفی تأثیرگذاری پژوهش‌ها یاری‌رسان باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Citation Contexts of Information Science Articles

نویسندگان [English]

  • P. Tajer 1
  • S. M. Fakhrahmad 2
  • A. Jowkar 3
  • A. Khormaee 4
  • H. Sotudeh 5
1 PhD Candidate, Knowledge and Information Science, Shiraz University
2 Assistant Professor, Computer Science and Engineering and Information Technology, Shiraz University
3 Professor, Knowledge and Information Science, Shiraz University
4 Associate Professor, Foreign Languages and Linguistics, Shiraz University
5 Associate Professor, Knowledge and Information Science, Shiraz University
چکیده [English]

Purpose: Identifying, classifying, and analyzing citation contexts of information science articles based on Hyland's meta-discourse approach.
Methodology: This research was carried out in two phases: "citation class identification" (Jurgens et al., 2016) and "metadiscourse-based analysis of identified function" (Hyland, 2005). 164 citation contexts of 10 citing articles in English (including 656 explicit and implicit sentences) were analyzed.
Findings: Based on metadiscourse, citation functions were categorized in 2 classes named "Interactive citations" and "Interactional citations" included 4 sub-classes in the second level, 14 sub-classes in the third level and 23 sub-classes in the forth. Interactive functions were understood more than interactional ones. Moreover, the perceived classes were more descriptive than analytical.
Conclusions: The similarity between the taxonomy perceived in this study and existing citation classification schemes in the literature, is to the third level. In addition, most similarities are in the area of interactive functions. It seems that interactional citations identified in this study could be used to refine citation contexts in scientific information retrieval systems as well as in the process of qualitative evaluation of the impact of research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Citation classification
  • Meta-discourse Analysis
  • Citation Context Analysis
  • Information Science
  • Hyland Model
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